Category Archives: civil engineering

Steps for Success: Engineering Employment Opportunities

April 16, 2016

Graduation can be an exciting, but scary time for college seniors. As the time grows closer for students to enter the professional world and leave their university days behind, many questions and concerns arise. Did I make the most of my college experience? Will I attend grad school? Accept a full-time job? How will I find employment opportunities? I spent all this time in school…now, what? While these questions come along with difficult decisions, Western Kentucky University does the most that they can do to help students answer these questions. In the WKU Engineering Department, engineering faculty try their best to help students make the most of their college experience and prepare for life after graduation.

While many employment opportunities are available to engineering students, they must also keep in mind that they are entering a competitive field. One of the best ways to secure a job after graduation is to gain some industry experience while still in school. WKU’s Engineering Industrial Partnership Coordinator, Debbie Berry makes sure that students can take advantage of such opportunities.

showcaseOn any given day, Debbie Berry may receive word of three or more job opportunities. She then makes these opportunities known to students—during the 2015-16 academic year alone, she has sent out over 100 emails with employment opportunities for students. These include internships, co-op positions, and part-time or full-time jobs. Since gaining hands-on industry experience is so important for engineering students to make themselves marketable, such job openings are valuable. Past students have interned for companies including General Motors, Logan Aluminum, Pure Power Technologies, Berry Plastics, among many others. And they aren’t just limited to local companies. While regional partnerships are incredibly helpful, WKU students can and have extended their scope to work for national companies. Several Western students have completed one or more internships with NASA.

Over 100 students report their work experiences to the engineering department each year. While not all of the data is available, Ms. Berry would estimate that about 90% of engineering students graduate with an industry work experience under their belt. Much of this is thanks to Western’s Industrial Partnership Program. Connecting the university and currently 14 regional companies, this partnership benefits both the community and students. Companies pay $5000 a year to become an industrial partner and, in return, they get the chance to meet face-to-face with potential interns and employees. The fee helps pay for the industrial partnership program itself, student ambassador scholarships, and many of the networking events the engineering department offers.

expoSome of these events include industry showcases, career fairs, project expositions, resume workshops, and special industry partner-only events. WKU Engineering hosts more than ten showcase events each year, where students can come to learn about different industries and internships they may offer. The department also hosts one Dinnerview event per semester, where industry partners can attend to meet some of WKU’s top engineering students. After getting the chance to network, attendees will eat dinner together, engage in professional development table talks, and have the chance to share resumes. These events are special in that they allow employers to meet face-to-face with potential employees and give students the chance to see what opportunities are out there for them. Not only do students and companies benefit from such events through the Industrial Partnership, but the whole community of Bowling Green is allowed to flourish through increased community interaction and involvement.dinnerview 2

For engineering students looking for internships and jobs, the best thing to do is get involved. Hands-on experiences are some of the most impressive bullet points on a resume. Even if you have not yet completed an internship or co-op, class projects can serve as prime examples of real engineering experience. Skills and qualifications that employers are looking for, such as teamwork, leadership, presentation skills, and knowledge of engineering topics, can also help seal the deal. For engineering students, there are numerous jobs out there, and the Engineering Department is available to help throughout the whole process—from resume editing to providing the skills and connections to land the dream job.

Concrete Canoe Competition: Going to Regionals

March 30, 2016


Bark, wood, canvas, aluminum, plastic, and fiberglass. All of these materials are commonly used to make canoes. Concrete doesn’t quite seem to fit in the same category, but it is exactly what WKU engineering students have used year after year to build their canoes and enter the National Concrete Canoe Competition. Hosted by the American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE), this competition challenges engineers to work together as a team and, amazingly, make concrete float above water. On Wednesday, March 30 WKU’s Concrete Canoe team headed off to Cincinnati to compete in the regional competition.

A great deal of work went into preparing for this highly competitive event. One of the team captains, Tyler Baker, estimates that the team put nearly 500 hours into the design and production of their canoe. This year, the team decided to try several new things that had not been done in any previous years of competition for WKU. One innovation was the use of fly ash in their canoe design. Fly ash comes from burning coal, and from this product concrete can be made. By using fly ash for most of the canoe, the team was able to reduce CO2 emissions by about 70%. In fact, the canoe is one of the most environmentally friendly canoes that Western has produced, and the team is very excited to present this information at regionals.

This year’s canoe is also one of the lighter canoes that the team has made. By using a special aggregate, they were able to make their canoe out of concrete about three times lighter than the average concrete. The whole boat weighs a total of 180 pounds, and it has additional flotation material at either end to ensure that the canoe stays afloat. Designing and building the canoe has taken the team all year, and they are excited to finally put their hard work to the test. From the ten-hour process of pouring the canoe to finishing touches put on during the week before the competition, all team members have been through a great deal and are ready to show off their finished product.

At regionals, the concrete canoe will be judged on 100_3931several components. One of these is aesthetics—how the canoe looks. Each year the team picks a theme for their canoe, and this year it is BBQ. Cleverly naming the canoe “Bar-B-Qrete,” the words on the side of the canoe are not merely paint. Students had to actually carve the letters into the body of the canoe and pour in colored concrete to achieve the desired effect. The letters were covered to dry and, when the sticker was peeled off, some areas of the canoe were left a bit rougher than intended. This is one aspect of the canoe that has left the team a bit nervous for regionals, but overall they are confident in the boat’s theme and design.

The team will also be judged on the academic portion of the project. The paper they have written on the project will be judged, as well as a five minute oral presentation. During the presentation, the team will push sustainability and cost—two aspects of the canoe of which they are most proud. Not only is their canoe environmentally friendly, but they were able to greatly decrease the budget needed for this year’s project. Last year the budget cost approximately $6,000, but this year they only used $2000 to build the canoe.

Finally, the canoe will truly be put to the test. It will be judged on how it holds up in water. In the flo tation test, the canoe will be entirely submerged in water and, in order to pass, it must float back up to the top. The team will also use the canoe in five races, four of which are sprints and one an endurance race.

Nervous but eager to test out their concrete canoe, the team is excited to compete at regionals! Last year, Western won first place at the regional competition and advanced to nationals, so the team is hoping to do a repeat of last year’s success. All team members are happy with their finished product and can’t wait to compete. Tyler Baker shared that his favorite part of the process has been getting the opportunity to work on a real, hands-on engineering project. He, along with the rest of the team, has learned a great deal about meeting deadlines, scheduling, working with others, and dealing with problems as they come. After all, they have managed to build a floatable, usable canoe from concrete, achieving what may seem impossible to most.

WKU Steel Bridge Team Leaves for Regionals!

March 30, 2016


Students in hard hats running back and forth, passing off pipes as quickly as they can, rushing to tighten screws and bolts, and dodging the “river” that is drawn on the ground with chalk. This is a practice run for the WKU Steel Bridge Team. The team left for regionals on Wednesday, March 30 to compete in Cincinnati for a place at the national competition. On Tuesday, they were busy at work preparing for all aspects of the competition.

100_3871As made clear by one of their practice runs, the steel bridge competition is not just about putting a bridge together—it’s also about building that bridge with speed and efficiency. One of the competition categories is Construction Speed, where the team must put their bridge together as fast as they can, while also making sure to use safe construction practices and minimize mistakes. Outside of the engineering building, the team completed practice runs for this component of the competition, where they worked quickly and then examined their own product for loose bolts and other mistakes that would deduct from their final score. One of the team captains, Daniel Hammer was eager to share about preparation for this year’s competition.

The 2016 WKU Steel Bridge team consists of eleven people, who have been working on it all year in their senior project class. During the fall semester, they worked on designing the bridge, and this semester they have fabricated it and brought their ideas into reality. Daniel’s favorite part of the process has been seeing the bridge finally come together after all their hard work and stress. He explained that the past month and a half leading up to the competition have been particularly stressful for the team. They had to make some 100_3874modifications to the bridge in order to keep it straight while holding a load. They also had to go through a great deal of practice to improve their speed and efficiency and minimize possible penalties. While making sure to tighten bolts and quickly pass off materials, all team members also have to make sure to stay in bounds during construction—stepping out is another way to get penalties.

Western’s steel bridge team has qualified for nationals for five years in a row, and this year they hope to do the same. First, they will face some of their rivals at regionals, which include many of the larger schools inside and outside of the Ohio Valley region, such as Akron, Ohio State, and the University of Pittsburgh. On the morning of the competition, they will put their bridge together to be judged for aesthetics, and then they will take it apart again so that they can re-build it later and be judged on speed. Slightly nervous and very excited, the team hopes their hard work will pay off and earn them a place at nationals, which will take place at BYU in Provo, Utah. Daniel Hammer is excited to once again experience the unique environment at this competition, where all WKU team members and faculty advisors gather near the construction team, loudly cheering them on and providing encouragement. Well-prepared and excited, the team is eager to present their bridge at regionals. They have all learned a great deal about team work, bridge construction, and what it takes to carry out a real engineering project.


Heading off to Regionals!

March 30, 2016


The American Society of Civil Engineers (ASCE) is the oldest engineering society in the United States, and the organization’s goal is to “enhance the welfare of mankind through the advancement of the science and profession of engineering” (ASCE vii). The ASCE provides many opportunities to engineering students, such as activities on college campuses, meetings, educational outreach, conferences, and social events to allow future engineers to meet and connect with others and prepare for their careers. Two of these opportunities are the Concrete Canoe Competition and the Steel Bridge Competition.

Competitions with both regional and national components, these events are large and fiercely competitive. For each competition, teams work together all year to build the best possible finished product. For the concrete canoe competition, students must build a floatable canoe from concrete that can be raced in water. The steel bridge competition involves building a steel bridge safely and efficiently. Western Kentucky University has entered both of these competitions for many years and today, both teams head off to regionals! Wish them good luck, and stay posted for more details and updates on the competitions!



Works Cited:

American Society of Civil Engineers. 2016 ASCE National Concrete Canoe Competition™ Rules & Regulations. (2016): 1-58. ASCE. PDF File.

Desert Rams, Mark Twain, and Real-Life Looney Toons

March 16, 2016

There are very few syllabi that warn students to watch out for desert rams…but Dr. Warren Campbell’s is one of them! Every year since 2012, Dr. Campbell has taken a group of WKU civil engineering students on the Total Immersion Floodplain IMG_0510Management Study Away trip. This winter term, department head Dr. Julie Ellis, Professor Jason Wilson, and Dr. Campbell led a group of 18 students across the American Southwest. One student from the University of Vermont even joined the group, after reading about the unique experience online. The trip included stops in La Jolla, Encinitas, Borrego Springs, Las Vegas, Santa Clarita, the Los Angeles Aqueduct, and Hoover Dam. At all of these sites, students were able to learn about historical flood control successes and failures, while gaining important new experiences and exploring the natural beauty of the Southwest.

Students hiking up the debris flow

The group often woke up to the sight of desert rams grazing outside their window, and Dr. Campbell reports seeing coyotes and roadrunners nearly every day of the trip. A dream come-true for Looney Toons fans, the experience was also special for several of the students who had never in their lives been on a plane or ventured west of the Mississippi River. Traveling to see this different area exposes students to a whole new terrain with an arid climate that gives civil engineers an important, new perspective. Dr. Campbell states that the theme of the trip can be described with a Mark Twain quote: “Whiskey is for drinking; water is for fighting.” While difficult to fully understand here in Kentucky, the dry climate of the Southwest makes Twain’s statement quite relatable. In an area where water is so scarce, drastic measures must be taken to ensure that homes and farms have the water that they require. After all, it affects not just those areas themselves, but the whole country—California provides 60% of all produce to the US. Dr. Campbell believes that this trip offers students an important opportunity to see measures that have been taken to control water in the Southwest—measures that someday may need to be taken here as well. As future civil engineers, the students will be working on projects like these, such as Hoover Dam.

While Dr. Campbell particularly enjoyed hiking up the debris flow in Borrego Springs this year, Hoover Dam is always a favorite site of the students. Much different from simply learning about flood control in a classroom, students get to actually stand in front of one of the largest dams in the US. With overflow spillways large enough to hold a battleship and a staircase named the “Stairway to Hell,” the sheer size of Hoover Dam provides an important teaching moment to students.

Hoover Dam PFT
PFT compared to the size of Hoover Dam

No longer complaining about their hike up the Pearce Ford Tower stairs on campus, students were astounded by this hands-on learning opportunity. In addition to the chance to view projects similar to those they will complete one day, students got to learn a little bit about the politics behind flood control, as well. By proposing a possible project to “the mayor” played by Dr. Campbell, students were able to try on the shoes of a professional in their field.

Another important assignment of the trip is a journal that students keep throughout their journey. They document learning experiences, photographs, and personal reflections on their excursions. One student even recounted his frightening experience with a large tarantula after he chose to take a break from hiking so as to avoid getting himself “into a wheelchair” on the first day of the trip. For other students, hiking on the fault scarp was a highlight, and many more felt that seeing Hoover Dam was the most impressionable aspect of the trip. From taking pictures by huge dragon statues in the desert to learning about how cliff erosion can decrease the property value of million-dollar homes, there was a new experience for everyone on the trip.

Just as photographs of Hoover Dam cannot truly convey its impressive size, one single story cannot paint a complete picture of this unique study away experience. Last Winter term, students visited many more sites and gained many more experiences than those mentioned above. Truly an eye-opening trip for those who had never explored the Southwest, students learned a great deal that can be applied to their future careers as engineers—and to their lives in general. Even Dr. Campbell, who has been on the trip for several years, learns something new each time and is passionate and eager to share about his experience with the Total Immersion Floodplain Management trip.IMG_0542

A Guest in EBS: Visiting WKU’s Engineering Department

March 14, 2016


Up on top of the hill at Western Kentucky University lies the Engineering department, which is headquartered in the Engineering and Biological Sciences building. Nestled in between Snell Hall and EST (an academic structure dedicated to science courses), EBS is not often visited by those who do not have class within its walls. However, a trip through its halls gives visitors an interesting glance into the on-goings of the engineering department. I had the opportunity to take this trip, guided by engineering department head Dr. Julie Ellis.

lab photoWalking down the halls, the huge lab located on the bottom floor definitely stands out. The glass walls of this room reach all the way to the top of the building, allowing one to stand on the second floor and watch the activities occurring in the lab. Filled with machinery, on-going projects, and complicated equipment, this lab piques the interest of anyone walking by. On the inside, one can get a closer look at some of the innovative projects WKU engineering students are working on at any given time. During my trip, Dr. Ellis pointed out a large stack of wooden planks. She explained that they were in production as desk modifications for a classroom in the Thompson Complex. A building that holds mostly labs rather than traditional classrooms, the current desks were far too small to be comfortable and useful to students. As a result, engineering faculty Dr. Gordon Smith challenged his students to create some sort of low-budget desk modifications that would help create a better learning environment in these classrooms. Now, his students are working to fix a real-world problem—one that even affects them and their classmates.

I was able to witness several other projects in action, as well. Stopping by a few classrooms, I saw many students busy at work. In one room, students worked on homework while a 3D printer whirred in the background. Eric Weaver, an engineering student, eagerly explained that the printer had been programmed to make small models of the WKU mascot Big Red. Three or four sat out on the table, already completed, while the printer continued the eleven hour process of creating one more softball-sized statue. In the materials lab, a group of students gathered around the concrete canoe, a project that occurs every year for the national concrete canoe competition. Several students sanded the canoe, which had recently been removed from its mold, while another explained the layers of the canoe and the display stand that would be built to go along with it. With regionals approaching in just a few weeks, the team was both nervous and excited to complete their final product.

Engineering & Biological SciencesSeeing engineering students in action helps create an understanding of the department at WKU. Many new students like me may be unaware of what exactly goes on behind the walls of the engineering building. However, after taking a walk around, one can easily see the energy and passion of these students for their field of study. Many students are eager to share about their projects with others, much like their passionate professors, who also love to speak about their courses and the accomplishments of their students. From seeing the construction of the concrete canoe to Dr. Ellis casually mentioning several tennis ball-throwing contraptions in the corner of the room, Western’s engineering department holds many surprises. In the end, one thing is definitely clear—WKU engineering is always up to something! Home to a diverse group of students involved with a variety of projects, WKU Engineering is a busy department with unique assignments occurring at any given moment.



Works Cited:

Engineering Sign. Digital Image. Carris Tech. List of Odgen College of Science and Engineering WKU Images. Web. 20 March 2016.

Engineering Building. Digital Image. WKU Map. Engineering and Biological Sciences. Web. 20 March 2016.

“Geek is Chic”: Women in Science and Engineering Fashion Show

February 29, 2016

fashion show 2


“What’s wrong with being confident?” It was only one of many songs played, but Demi Lovato’s hit seemed to blare louder than the rest at the 2016 Women in Science and Engineering Fashion Show. After all, the chorus carries a theme similar to that of the fashion show itself: be confident, and celebrate who you are! Dubbed with the title “Geek is Chic,” this unique fashion show celebrated the accomplishments and beauty of many women faculty members of Ogden College at Western Kentucky University.

An event like no other, this fashion show took place in the Hardin Planetarium. Floral arrangements were hung, and strings of lights bathed the dark venue in soft light. Spotlights shone onto each model as she made her circle around the planetarium, pausing to twirl and show off her outfit. Models for the fashion show came from the Women in Science and Engineering (WISE) program, which promotes women entering the fields of math and science. The program hopes to improve the balance between men and women in STEM fields; currently, 68% in these fields are male. The WISE program partnered with WKU’s Fashion Merchandising department to make the fashion show a reality. The IDFM 432 class of visual merchandising students put on the show—the goal of their class each semester is to plan and hold a fashion show of some sort. This semester yielded a show quite different from any show 3

The models dressed for three different occasions: A Very Busy Day on Campus (the category for casual attire), Testifying to Congress (professional clothing for presenting research), and Gala Wear. Some of the models appeared a bit nervous at first, but by the end of the evening, they were spinning around, whipping off jackets or glasses for a poised look at the crowd, and laughing happily as they paraded around the room. Prior to each model’s appearance, photographs of her family were projected onto the planetarium ceiling, and the audience got the chance to learn a little bit about this diverse group’s interests and accomplishments.

Dressed in a practical yet elegant black and white poncho, Linda Gonzales kicked off the show for the night. The first female faculty member to enter the agriculture department, she has worked there for 28 years and loves her field because it allows her to become closer to achieving her desire to feed the world. Many more impressive women followed her. With a confident spring in her step, fashion show 1Sharon Mutter showed off her pink, knee-length suede skirt. Proud of her scientific journal publications and her research grant, she thinks it is important for women to enter STEM fields because we need intelligent and creative people of both genders to help solve our world’s problems. Similarly, Naomi Rowland thinks that women can be in any field, regardless of stereotypes. Rong Yang, in a black and red dress, was celebrated for her beauty and her PhD in computer science. Julie Ellis, head of the engineering department, loves working with students and is proud of her son, a software engineer for Google. With a navy floral dress and her hands on her hips, Margaret Crowder, professor of geology, said that female voices need to be heard to empower women for society as a whole. Head of the psychological sciences department, Kelly Madole stated that no one is happy until they are in love with their job. It seems that all these women have indeed fallen in love with their jobs and found their place within the male-dominated world of science and engineering.

However, with events like this, the WISE program is working to bridge the gender gap in STEM fields and bring more women into the world of science and engineering. As shown by the fashion show, Ogden College has many impressive women faculty members, who are hoping to inspire other young girls to follow their dreams. If those dreams involve math and science, they don’t want any stereotypes to hold ambitious students back. In addition to inspiring young women, the fashion show also encouraged its models to have their own look and to continue to be confident in show 4 In the end, STEM topics may bring this diverse group together, but it is more than just that. Many similarities ran through the women’s bios throughout the night—their love for serving others, spending time with their families, hearing about the achievements of past students, and simply relaxing at the beach. Though their accomplishments are many, WKU’s women of science and engineering are regular people who share common hobbies and interests with others. And, they are just as beautiful as anyone else. After all, “what is beauty if the brain is empty?”



Works Cited:

Hicks, Sarah. Poster. Digital Image. WKU News. “Geek is Chic” Fashion Show Feb. 29 at Hardin Planetarium, 23 February 2016. Web. 8 March 2016.

Pederson, Miranda. Model. Digital Image. Bowling Green Daily News. Photos: Geek is Chic, 29 February 2016. Web. 8 March 2016.

The Pressure’s On! Engineering Lab Explores “DeflateGate”

February 11, 2016 photo

            Following the Broncos victory in Super Bowl 50, WKU’s Professor Jason Wilson decided to bring the football enthusiasm into his classroom. For civil engineering students, this meant that they would have the opportunity to explore the NFL scandal “DeflateGate” from a scientific perspective.

Professor Wilson has described his Strength of Materials Lab as the “gateway to the rest of the engineering labs” here at Western Kentucky University. However, it is not the usual, mundane prerequisite. Mostly sophomores and juniors take the course, where they complete different and interesting experiments each week. Calculators and pencils abound, but the room can be quickly changed from a typical classroom into a laboratory, where theory is put to the test as applications to the real world are made. For example, students regularly complete an experiment to determine the best value for fishing line by testing the strength of different lines and looking at the price per yard. However, the “DeflateGate” lab was a new one for all this year.

“DeflateGate” was a controversy that occurred when the Patriots played the Colts in a 2015 AFC Championship game. The Patriots were accused of under-inflating their balls—at halftime, the balls were found to be below the regulation pressure range of 12.5-13.5 psi. The Colts were outraged, feeling that the low-pressure balls would be easier to catch and give the Patriots an advantage over them. After much uproar and media attention, reputable scientists eventually determined that the football controversy could simply be the result of a natural occurrence. Due to the fact that the game occurred on a rainy day with temperatures around 48 degrees, the balls could have lost pressure because of the Ideal Gas Law (which relates the variables of pressure, volume, and temperature for gases). Perhaps less exciting than the thought of a football scandal, this rationale seemed to very logically explain the situation. Last week, WKU students worked to test this hypothesis.PV=nRT


In order to recreate the circumstances of the AFC game, the footballs were filled with air at 9:32 Thursday morning, inspected at 10:47, and stored in water from 1:37 until the students performed the lab. By keeping them immersed in water, the footballs endured weather and temperature conditions similar to those at the 2015 game. While waiting until the proper time to remove the balls, students passed around two different footballs—one was at regulation pressure, and one at the low pressure of the Patriots ball. They held the footballs to see if they could feel the difference between the two balls. After two attempts, over half of the class still made incorrect guesses as to which was the lighter football. With such a small difference in pressure between the balls, very few students could even detect it at all.

Next, the chilled footballs were retrieved from the materials lab. To ensure accuracy, the class worked quickly—measuring the temperature and calculating the pressure of the foothermal cameratballs. Of course, there was enough spare time to point the thermal energy camera at one student, much to the amusement of the rest of the class as they saw the colors of a heat map spread across their friend’s face in the screen. Re-taking measurements regularly, the class observed how the footballs’ pressures changed over time.

Their conclusion? The Patriots were innocent! After comparing their football pressures to those of the game-day balls, the class concluded that the Patriots did nothing wrong. The Ideal Gas Law proved to be a reasonable explanation for the low pressure in the footballs. The students were also mostly unable to feel the difference between the low-pressure footballs and the regulation balls—this made them question whether deflating the footballs would even give the Patriots an advantage, anyway. After reviewing their data and discussing these findings with the group, the class came to an end.

From this lab specifically, students learned about the application of the Ideal Gas Law to football. However, other lessons were not missed. The class teaches students to think critically about questions before simply taking widely-accepted beliefs for the truth. They learn how to work with a group to solve problems and find answers. They learn about important academic concepts by footballapplying them to real-world events that are interesting and understandable. Through this, students learn the importance of understanding theory and applying that theory to the real world.




Works Cited:

Duffy, Jocelyn. Football. Digital image. Carnegie Mellon University News. Carnegie Mellon University, 28 January 2015. Web. 24 February 2016.

Lowe Steve. Thermal Camera. Digital Image. A Primer on Infra-Red Thermography. Thermalcities, 2008. Web. 24 February 2016.

Wilson, Jason. Personal Interview. 11 February 2016.

Surveying Students in Action

Surveying Students in Action!



Students using trigonometric measurements to determine the change in elevation




Measuring the slope distance of this vertical triangle





First semester surveying students using an electronic transit to determine the building height





Boundary surveying students measuring existing property corner locations on 69-acre farm parcel





Boundary surveying class student using a total station to measure the location of a property corner pin in the tree line





Route surveying student measuring the location and the time of Polaris star during a night shot





Four members of the Boundary Surveying class performing a public land sectional survey in Hammond Township, Spencer County, Indiana or more accurately described as the southeastern corner of section 2, Hammond Township, Spencer County, Indiana, Second Principle Meridian


Another group of Boundary Surveying students at the northeasterly corner of section 2, Hammond Township, Spencer County, Indiana





First semester surveying students learning how to measure compass bearing and azimuths





First semester surveying student learning the basics horizontal angle measurement





Surveying students performing a traverse closure






Collecting topographic data using Trimble R6 GPS disk and Trimble TS2 controller





First semester surveying students using GPS equipment for the first time







Students learning the difficulty of obtaining good position parameters adjacent to a large tree





More practice using GPS gear in this boundary line project






WKU newly acquired Trimble brand GPS equipment






Boundary line determination project In Warren County KY





Route surveying class starting a horizontal curve staking –layout project at the WKU farm facility